OMCD: Offensive Moroccan Comments Dataset


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Abstract: Offensive content, such as verbal attacks, demeaning comments, or hate speech, has become widespread on social media. Automatic detection of this content is considered an important and challenging task. Although several research works have been proposed to address this challenge for high-resource languages, research on detecting offensive content in Dialectal Arabic (DA) remains under-explored. Recently, the detection of offensive language in DA has gained increasing interest among researchers in Natural Language Processing (NLP). However, only a limited number of annotated datasets have been introduced for single or multiple coarse-grained dialects. In this paper, we introduce Offensive Moroccan Comments Dataset (OMCD), the first dataset for offensive language detection for the Moroccan dialect. First, we present the data collection steps, the statistical analysis, and the annotation guidelines of the introduced dataset. Then, we evaluate several state-of-the-art Machine Learning (ML) and Deep Learning (DL) based models on the OMCD dataset. Finally, we highlight the impact of emojis on the evaluated models for offensive language detection.

Recommended citation: Essefar, K., Ait Baha, H., El Mahdaouy, A. et al. OMCD: Offensive Moroccan Comments Dataset. Lang Resources & Evaluation (2023).